A look at LGBT civil rights over the last half-century of state legislation changes. Documenting laws and regulations that both restrict and promote LGBT rights.
Over the last fifty years, there has been a marked increase in the sheer quantity of state legislation that deals with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender rights. The Supreme Court has recently heard two LGBT cases, Prop 8 and DOMA, and are expected to announce their decisions in June of 2013. These cases will have a significant impact on both state and federal laws. Leading up to these decisions, it is worth taking a look at how state LGBT laws dealing with marriage, adoption, housing, hate crimes, hospital visitation, and employment have changed over the last half-century. Read more about this map.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Laws and state regulations that define marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships. These laws vary greatly from constitutional bans on same sex relationships to full marriage equality.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Adoption laws vary widely between states, from prohibiting adoption of a child to an LGBT parent to allowing both names of a same sex couple on the birth certificate of their child. Laws regarding adoption also affect single parent adopters and unmarried opposite sex couples.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Laws that address discrimination in the housing industry, both in renting and owning property, based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Laws that protect against crimes that are motivated by animosity against a protected class. While some states have no hate crime laws, the majority of states do have at least some form of hate crime protection. LGBT-specific hate crime protection laws are a more recent development and include laws that provide protection for sexual orientation and gender identity.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Laws that restrict or permit same sex partners to visit one another in the hospital. New regulations were enacted under President Obama's administration in 2011 that required Medicare or Medicaid accepting-hospitals to allow patients to choose who may have visitation rights, as well as who can make medical decisions on their behalf. In these cases, patients cannot be discriminated against based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
(Hover over cells for additional information)Laws that address discriminatory practices in the work place. LGBT employment laws protect for sexual orientation and gender identity.
: State Laws ranging from those that restrict to those that promote LGBT rights (hover over cells for more details)State Laws: - +No Laws or Unavailable Data: